The generic student body is the group of people, usually young people, who are brought together by age and educational level, who learn a subject under the guidance of a teaching service.
The pupils are grouped in a classroom and interact with the teacher. The pupils work with different educational materials and resources. The teacher supervises the tasks and carries out explanations using different educational resources. The pupils carry out their tasks individually or in groups, depending on the activity planned and proposed by the teacher.
This classroom is characterised by the heterogeneity of the pupils in terms of their performance, their needs, their interests, etc. This is why the Spanish education system is said to be comprehensive and diverse. In the primary stage, pupils are placed in different classes according to chronological criteria, although sometimes pupils of different ages may be grouped together if the school is small.
The “ratio” is the number of pupils per teacher. In Spain, the average is about 16 pupils per classroom. The Spanish legislation does not allow more than 25 pupils of the same age per class in primary education, except in rural areas with a small school population and where all pupils attend school regardless of their age.
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